The majority of graduated civil engineers will be working in the field. Civil engineering has many fields, such as building, road, bridges, infrastructures, and others. Fresh engineers will encounter difficulties at the early stage of their careers. Complications arise from insufficient preparation of engineers during the education period. In general, universities focusing on the theoretical side of engineering. Therefore fresh engineers usually lack the basic knowledge of fields work. That’s why the beginning period of a field engineer’s careers is a learning period in which engineers gain sufficient experience and skills. At this period, engineers will discover materials, project documents, the procedure of work, and how to manage work activities and workers. Also, engineers will learn how to deal with important project documents such as contract drawing, shop drawing, specifications, method statements, and BOQ. As a civil engineer, you will deal most of the time with reinforced concrete structures. Reinforced concrete structures are very common and they are constructed everywhere because of their long service life.
Civil engineering has many fields. As a civil engineer, most probably you will get a job in one of these fields. Building engineering is a big field. Building companies are hiring a large number of civil engineers. As a building engineer, you will deal with the construction of building foundations, slabs, columns, and other building components. Also, it will involve the coordination with electrical and mechanical to ensure performing the work without unnecessary delays.
Road engineering usually involves the construction of new roads or the maintenance and widening of old roads. Road engineers should have sufficient knowledge of different pavement layers, tests conducted for each layer, and method of placing and compacting different layers to produce durable roads. Roads are a critical part of the transportation system, and they are subjected to large dynamic loads. Improper constructions of roads will result in quick deterioration of the road and the formation of potholes. Therefore field engineers and the rest of the team should be sufficiently trained and skilled to produce durable roads. A large number of newly graduated engineers will join road construction because it is an important part of civil engineering, and countries allocate large budgets for developing their roads and infrastructure.
Bridges have been used long back to cross obstacles such as rivers. In old Rome, there are many bridges still standing, and many of them are open to traffic. Recently bridges used extensively to reduce traffic jams and boost the capacity of congested road intersections. There are different types of bridges, such as arch bridge, cable-stayed bridge, suspension bridge, truss bridge, and girder bridge. If you were lucky to work as a bridge in engineer, most of the time, you will be dealing with girder bridges. The construction of other types is not very common. There are different types of girder bridges. Girder bridges can be made from precast concrete girders or steel girders. Also, it can be cast-in-situ, such as box girder bridges. These bridges have a shorter span than other bridges, and the construction method is more straightforward, which makes it suitable and more economical than other types. As a bridge engineer, you should have sufficient knowledge of bridges components such as foundations, pile cap, piers, girder, and slabs. In many cases, prestressed concrete is used to enhance the construction of bridges. Prestressing concrete will improve the capacity of the bridge, allowing the use of longer spans and improve concrete durability.
Civil engineering is not limited to the fields mentioned above. Also, it includes infrastructure works such as sewer, stormwater, and water networks. Civil engineering is a broad field. It forms a large portion of the construction industry.